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Domestic Violence Survivors' Housing Stability, Safety, and Well-Being Over Time: Examining the Role of Domestic Violence Housing First, Social Support, and Material Hardship

NCJ Number
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry Volume: 93 Issue: 5 Dated: 2023 Pages: 402-414
Date Published

This article reports on research that examined situational factors that moderate the outcomes associated with the housing-based intervention, Domestic Violence Housing First model, using latent profile analysis; it discusses the research methodology, outcomes, and implications for practice.


Intimate partner violence remains a significant public health issue and survivors often need various forms of support to achieve safety. The increased likelihood of experiencing housing instability and homelessness among survivors has led to an uptake in domestic violence agencies implementing housing-based interventions, such as Domestic Violence Housing First (DVHF), to address survivors' needs. The present study expands on prior research supporting the effectiveness of DVHF to examine situational factors that moderate the outcomes associated with this model among 406 survivors seeking services from domestic violence agencies located in the Pacific Northwestern region of the United States. Using latent profile analysis, participants were grouped into three latent classes: (a) "high abuse/instability," (b) "still affected," and (c) "doing better." Latent transition analysis was used to estimate the probability that participants would transition into a different latent class over time with social support (SS), material hardship, and receipt of DVHF services included as model predictors. Receipt of DVHF predicted improvements in survivors' safety, housing stability, mental health, and well-being, such that receiving DVHF was associated with higher odds of survivors transitioning into the "doing better" class. Social support and material hardship also emerged as significant factors predicting class membership, such that higher levels of social support and financial stability predicted membership in the "doing better" class. Additionally, social support and financial stability appeared to augment receipt of DVHF services, with DVHF being more strongly associated with positive outcomes among participants who also had high levels of social support and lower levels of material hardship. (Published Abstracts Provided)

Date Published: January 1, 2023