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Sexual Assault


Anyone can be a victim of sexual violence, regardless of age, race, or gender. Likewise, assailants can be anyone: strangers, friends, or family members.

Crimes involving sexual violence often lead to long-term negative consequences for the victim. In addition to any physical injuries from the assault, victims often suffer from emotional and psychological trauma that sexual violence introduces into their lives.

Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) programs and Sexual Assault Response Teams (SART) play a critical role in supporting sexual assault victims.

SANE programs train registered nurses to provide comprehensive health care to survivors of sexual assault leading to higher prosecution and conviction rates in sexual abuse cases. SART programs help communities provide a coordinated response for victims in what can often seem like a complicated maze of governmental and community agencies.

The following resources provide information on sexual abuse or violence.

Rohypnol (flunitrazepam) is a depressant drug that is sometimes used in to perpetrate crimes, such as sexual assaults and rapes. Information about its use in drug-facilitated rape/sexual assault can be found in the following National Institute of Justice publications—

Information on Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) certification is available on the International Association of Forensic Nurses website.

For information about SANE programs, visit our Sexual Assault Topic page.

Advocates with the National Domestic Violence Hotline are available for victims and anyone calling on their behalf 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The hotline provides crisis intervention, safety planning, information, and referrals. Assistance is available in English and Spanish with access to more than 100 languages through interpreter services. If you or someone you know is frightened about something in your relationship, please contact the Hotline at 800–799–7233 (TTY 800–787–3224) or via live chat.

Additionally, if you are a teen in an abusive relationship, please contact the Loveisrespect.org Helpline at 866–331–9474 or 866–787–3224 (TTY) by phone, by texting "LOVEIS" to 866–331–9474, or via live chat.

Date Created: June 1, 2020