U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government, Department of Justice.

Missing or Murdered Indigenous Persons


Missing or Murdered Indigenous Persons (MMIP) Fact Sheet

Date Published: May 2022

Through the annual Tribal Victim Services Set-Aside (TVSSA) formula grant program, OVC administers funds to enhance services for victims of crime in Tribal communities. This fact sheet describes how Tribes can use their TVSSA funds to help missing or murdered Indigenous persons by:

  • Providing services to the family members of MMIP victims.
  • Generating awareness of MMIP among community members in general as well as individual MMIP cases.
  • Collaborating with Tribal, federal, and state and local officials to respond to MMIP cases.

When a Loved One Goes Missing: Resources for Families of Missing American Indian and Alaska Native Adults

Date Published: November 2021

This guide provides information and resources to assist family members with the search for a missing adult loved one. Discover helpful steps to take while searching for a loved one, suggestions on how to cope with trauma, and a list of additional resources to help you navigate this difficult situation.

MMIW Toolkit for Families and Communities

Date Published: April 2021

This toolkit offers families, communities, and advocacy organizations guidance in understanding and responding to missing or murdered Native women cases.

Outreach & Resources for Native American, Tribal & Indigenous Communities

Date Published: 2021

This fact sheet highlights the technical assistance that the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children provides to assist Tribes in cases of missing or murdered children and young adults aged 18–21.

Native American Children Reported Missing to the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children (January 2009-December 2018)

Date Published: 2020

This report analyzes cases of missing Indigenous children reported to National Center for Missing & Exploited Children’s hotline.

Implementation of the Ashlynne Mike AMBER Alert in Indian Country Act of 2018: A Report to Congress

Date Published: June 2019

This report to the U.S. Congress assesses the readiness, education and training needs, technological challenges, and obstacles that Indian Tribes encounter when integrating state or regional AMBER Alert communication plans as intended under the Ashlynne Mike AMBER Alert in Indian Country Act.

Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women & Girls: A Snapshot of Data from 71 Urban Cities in The United States

Date Published: November 2018

This study deepens our understanding of the number and dynamics of cases of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls in urban areas.

U.S. Department of Justice Journal of Federal Law and Practice

This two-part series addresses the serious issue of missing or murdered American Indian and Alaska Native people. Both journals contain multiple articles to help readers gain a holistic understand of the issue.

Date Created: May 4, 2022